Miscarriage, is the natural death of an embryo or fetus before it is able to survive independently. Some use the cutoff of 20 weeks of gestation after which fetal death is known as a stillbirth. The most common symptoms of a miscarriage is vaginal bleeding. This may occur with or without pain.Tissue or clot like material may also come out the vagina.
Most miscarriages occur because of chromosomal abnormalities in the baby that make it impossible for the baby to develop normally. Chromosomes carry genetic information and chromosomal errors can occur as the baby’s cells divide and grow.
Miscarriage is medically referred to as spontaneous abortion, which is a term that refers to naturally occurring events and not to a medical or surgical abortion. Miscarriage is also known as early pregnancy loss.
The most common symptom of a miscarriage is vaginal bleeding. This can vary from light spotting or brownish discharge to heavy bleeding and bright red blood. The bleeding may come and go over several days. However, light vaginal bleeding is relatively common during the first trimester of pregnancy (the first 12 weeks) and does not necessarily indicate a miscarriage.