An episiotomy, is a surgical incision of the perineum and the posterior vaginal wall generally done by a midwife or obstetrician during second stage of labor to quickly enlarge the opening for the baby to pass through.
Childbirth usually begins spontaneously, about 280 days after conception, but it may be started by artificial means if the pregnancy continues past 42 weeks gestation. The average length of labor is about 14 hours for a first pregnancy and about eight hours in subsequent pregnancies. However, many women experience a much longer or shorter labor.
At first, Amber Bush was embarrassed. Then she thought, what the heck. So there she is, in labor, her big belly bare, rocking a pair of adult diapers with a big ol' fetal monitor taped to her navel, dancing and laughing her way through the preamble to giving birth. She and her sister-in-law danced to hip hop music. They even did the Wobble, a popular line dance, as Bush's cervix was dilated at six centimeters.
Learn about prenatal development. Pregnancy and delivery involve the entire female reproductive system, including the ovaries, fallopian tubes, uterus, and vagina.
A Caesarean section (often C-section, also other spellings) is a surgical procedure in which one or more incisions are made through a mother's abdomen and uterus to deliver one or more babies.
A Caesarean section is often performed when a vaginal delivery would put the baby's or mother's life or health at risk. Some are also performed upon request without a medical reason to do so.The World Health Organization recommends that they should only be done based on medical need.
Natural birth is childbirth without routine medical interventions, particularly anesthesia. Natural delivery arose in opposition to the techno-medical model of childbirth that has recently gained popularity in industrialized societies.